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Health Hub

Health Hub


Acid Reflux

Acid Reflux

Acid reflux is when acid from the stomach leaks up into the gullet (oesophagus). This may cause a burning sensation in the chest (heartburn) and other symptoms. Heartburn that occurs more than twice a week may be considered Gastro Oesophageal Reflux Disease (GORD) that can eventually lead to more serious health problems. FIND OUT MORE

Acne

Acne

Acne is caused by a blockage at the opening of the sebaceous (oil-producing) glands in the skin. These glands normally produce an oily substance called sebum which is required to keep the skin supple and healthy. Puberty causes these glands to produce excess oil. At the same time, the dead skin cells lining the skin pores are not shed properly and clog up the follicles. FIND OUT MORE

Amenorrhoea

Amenorrhoea

Amenorrhoea is the absence of menstruation i.e., either a lack of onset or the stopping of normal menstruation. Absence of menstruation may occur for a variety of reasons. It is very important for any woman who has stopped menstruating to consult a medical practitioner immediately for diagnosis. FIND OUT MORE

Anaemia

Anaemia

Anaemia is a reduction in the number of red blood cells or the amount of haemoglobin in the blood. Haemoglobin is a component of red blood cells and allows oxygen to be transported throughout the body. The decrease in the number of red blood cells or haemoglobin that occurs in Anaemia can be caused by blood loss, abnormal red blood cell production, problems in making new red blood cells, excessive destruction of red blood cells or a combination of these changes. FIND OUT MORE

Arthritis

Arthritis

Arthritis is an inflammation of the joints, surrounding tendons, ligaments and cartilage. It can affect virtually every joint of the body from the feet, to the knees, back, shoulders, and fingers. The term Arthritis describes a variety of arthritic conditions, with the three most common forms being Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid Arthritis and Gout. FIND OUT MORE

Asthma

Asthma

When a person with asthma comes into contact with something that irritates their airways (an asthma trigger), the muscles around the walls of the airways tighten so that the airways become narrower and the lining of the airways becomes inflamed and starts to swell. Sometimes sticky mucus or phlegm builds up which can further narrow the airways. FIND OUT MORE

Bloating

Bloating

Abdominal bloating is a condition in which the abdomen feels full and tight. Bloating is a feeling of fullness in the abdomen that is often associated with some distension and tightness in the abdominal area. This feeling can be quite uncomfortable. If Bloating is the result of excessive intestinal gas the symptoms of burping and flatulence or wind may also be experienced. FIND OUT MORE 

 

Blood Pressure (High)

Blood Pressure (High)

Blood pressure measures how strongly blood presses against the walls of your arteries (large blood vessels) as your heart pumps it around your body.  If this pressure is too high it puts a strain on your arteries and your heart, which makes it more likely that you will suffer a heart attack, a stroke or kidney disease. FIND OUT MORE 

Calcium

Calcium

About 99% of the body's Calcium is contained in the skeleton in the form of Calcium crystals. Calcium is very important for the formation of strong, healthy bones and for decreasing the risks of bone fractures and osteoporosis. Even after bone growth has stopped, there is a constant process of bone remodelling that takes place. Dietary Calcium is required throughout life to enable new bone to form. Calcium is also needed for our heart, muscles, and nerves to function properly and for blood to clot. FIND OUT MORE

Coenzyme Q10

Coenzyme Q10

Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is a fat soluble compound produced by the human body and consumed in the diet. It is necessary for the basic functioning of cells. Coenzyme Q10, also known as CoQ10 or ubiquinone, helps to convert food into energy and is a powerful antioxidant. Antioxidants fight particles in the body known as free radicals, which damage cell membranes, tamper with DNA, and destroy healthy cells. FIND OUT MORE

Cold Sores

Cold Sores

Cold Sores (fever blisters) are small, fluid-filled blisters that are caused by the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1). Cold Sores are contagious and commonly occur on the lips and outer edges of the mouth but can also appear on other parts of the face such as around the nostrils or on the chin, cheek, forehead or eyelids. FIND OUT MORE 

Colds

Colds

More than 200 different viruses can cause the common cold, which is why it is not possible to vaccinate against the infection. A cold is a mild viral infection of the nose, throat, sinuses and upper airways. It can cause a blocked or runny nose, sneezing, a sore throat and a cough. A cold will usually resolve without medical treatment. Colds are more frequent during the winter months. This may be because people are more likely to stay indoors and be in close contact with each other. FIND OUT MORE 

Conjunctivitis, infective

Conjunctivitis, infective

Conjunctivitis refers to an inflammation (swelling and redness) of the conjunctiva, the clear membrane that covers the white part of the eye and the inner surface of the eyelids. Infective Conjunctivitis can be caused by a virus, bacteria or, in rare cases, by a sexually transmitted infection such as chlamydia or gonorrhoea. FIND OUT MORE 

Coughs

Coughs

A cough is a reflex action that helps to clear your airways of mucus and irritating particles such as dust or smoke. Coughs may be acute (lasting less than 3 weeks), sub acute (getting better over a 3 to 8 week period) or chronic (lasting longer than 8 weeks). Coughs fall broadly into two categories: productive (chesty and mucus producing) and non-productive (dry) FIND OUT MORE 

Dandruff

Dandruff

The precise cause of Dandruff is unclear. The top layer of skin is constantly being shed and renewed. Normally this goes unnoticed on the rest of the body, however, on the scalp the hair traps the scaling skin so that the scales become more evident. Dandruff may result from an overproduction and shedding of dead skin from the scalp. Pityrosporum is a microscopic fungus that is normally present on oily areas of the skin. People who have dandruff often have an unusually large amount of this fungus on the scalp. FIND OUT MORE

Diabetes

Diabetes

Diabetes is a chronic (long term) condition in which the levels of glucose (sugar) in the blood are too high. This may be because the pancreas is not producing enough insulin or there is a problem with how the body's cells are responding to it. The two main types of diabetes are type 1 and type 2. FIND OUT MORE 

Diarrhoea

Diarrhoea

Food nutrients are absorbed in the small intestine. The waste is pushed into the large intestine (bowel) where water is removed. The resulting faeces is stored temporarily within the rectum then passed out of the body through the anus. Faeces are usually firm, moist and easy to pass. The term Diarrhoea is used when stools are passed more than three times a day and when the stools become loose or watery. FIND OUT MORE

Echinacea

Echinacea

Echinacea is one of the most widely used medicinal plants and three species are commonly used in herbal medicine; Echinacea angustifolia, E. pallida and E. purpurea. The most commonly used, Echinacea purpurea, is believed to be the most potent. Echinacea is also known as Coneflower or Purple Coneflower. FIND OUT MORE

Eczema

Eczema

Eczema is an intensely itchy, inflammatory disease of the skin. The skin is thick, dry and often overgrown by bacteria such as staphlycoccus aureus. The different types of Eczema have different distinguishing markings but most share general features. FIND OUT MORE

Evening Primrose Oil

Evening Primrose Oil

Evening Primrose is a herb with the botanical name Oenothera biennis. It is also known as King's Cureall. Oenothera biennis is native to the temperate regions of North America and generally grows in dry areas. The plant is a perennial herb that has a tall, straight, hairy stem and rough, hairy, lance-shaped leaves. Yellow flowers bloom from June to October FIND OUT MORE

Fish Oil

Fish Oil

Fish Oil is a good source of two Omega-3 fatty acids known as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). These fatty acids, which are mainly found in cold water fish, are believed to have a number of health applications relating especially to heart disease, blood pressure and inflammation. FIND OUT MORE

Folic Acid

Folic Acid

Folic acid belongs to the B group of vitamins and is the supplemental form of folate. Folic acid plays an essential role in human growth and development, in particular cell division and DNA synthesis. The demand for Folic acid increases when human cell growth is very active, such as in pregnancy, during breastfeeding and some types of cancer e.g., leukaemia. FIND OUT MORE 

Ginkgo biloba

Ginkgo biloba

Ginkgo biloba is commonly known as Maidenhair Tree, Kew Tree and Fossil Tree. Ginkgo biloba is native to China and Japan. It is one of the most widely used herbs in the Chinese medical tradition. Its first recorded medicinal use was published in 2800BC. Modern medicine has only recently FIND OUT MORE

Glucosamine

Glucosamine

Glucosamine is a substance produced by combining glucose (sugar) with glutamine (an amino acid). Glucosamine is created in the intestinal tract by cells known as goblet cells. It is found in high concentrations in the cartilage, tendon and connective tissues of the body. Glucosamine also aids detoxification of the liver and kidneys. FIND OUT MORE 

Gout

Gout

Gout is an arthritic condition of the body connected with an excess of uric acid in the blood. It causes the joints to become red, swollen and painful. Uric acid crystals are deposited in joints, tendons, kidneys and other tissues where they cause inflammation and damage. The most common area on the body for Gout to occur is the joint of the big toe. Gout is not a single disease FIND OUT MORE

Hayfever

Hayfever

Hayfever results when nasal passages are exposed to an allergy-causing substance (allergen). The membranes release large amounts of histamine, which causes swelling and inflammation in the area and an increased production of mucus. Pollen from trees and grass is a common allergen carried by the wind and easily breathed into the nose. As plants flower FIND OUT MORE

Head Lice

Head Lice

Head lice are tiny, wingless, parasitic insects that live and feed on blood from the scalp. Head lice are tiny greyish brown insects, about the size of a sesame seed. Head lice cling to hairs, close to the scalp which they feed off. Head lice lay eggs which hatch after 7 to 10 days. It takes about 10 days for a newly hatched louse to grow to an adult and start to lay eggs. FIND OUT MORE 

Headache

Headache

Headaches can be classified as primary or secondary. Primary Headaches include migraine, cluster and tension Headaches. Secondary Headaches are a symptom of an underlying disorder such as infection; tumour; hypertension and diseases of the eyes, nose and throat FIND OUT MORE

Insomnia

Insomnia

Each person needs a different amount of sleep to function well during the day. The average amount of sleep required by most people is 6 to 8 hours per night. Most people establish a pattern that is normal for them in their early adult life. It is normal to sleep less with old age e.g many people in their 70's sleep less than six hours per night. Feeling refreshed after a night's sleep and not feeling FIND OUT MORE

Iron

Iron

Iron is an essential part of haemoglobin, a substance inside red blood cells that is designed to carry oxygen around the body. This is essential in providing energy for daily life. Myoglobin contains iron and causes the red colour in muscles. Myoglobin is a protein that helps store oxygen in muscle tissue. Iron is an essential part of many enzymes FIND OUT MORE

Lysine

Lysine

Lysine (also known as L-lysine) is an essential amino acid, meaning it can't be produced by the body and must be obtained through the diet. It may also be taken as a nutritional supplement. Decreases the frequency, severity and healing time of cold sores. Although some studies have contradicted these findings, it's possible that only doses over 1000 mg per day have an anti-herpes virus effect FIND OUT MORE

Mouth Ulcers

Mouth Ulcers

Certain medications, chemicals and infectious diseases such as herpes or thrush can cause Mouth Ulcers. The most common cause is injury, such as from ill-fitting dentures or accidentally biting your cheek. In most cases, Mouth Ulcers are harmless and resolve without treatment within a few days FIND OUT MORE

Nausea and Vomiting

Nausea and Vomiting

There are few people who have not experienced severe nausea and vomiting at some stage. Vomiting is an unpleasant yet important defence mechanism by which the body attempts to rid itself of a variety of toxins and poisons. Vomiting occurs when the stomach and sometimes the upper part of the small intestine go into spasm and the contents of the gut FIND OUT MORE

Omega 3 Essential Fatty Acids

Omega 3 Essential Fatty Acids

Omega-3 Fatty Acids (n-3 fatty acids) are essential dietary fats that cannot be made by the body. There are three main types of Omega-3 Fatty Acids that can be found in foods and dietary supplements: alpha linolenic acid (ALA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). FIND OUT MORE 

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis

In a normal joint, the ends of the bones are covered by a layer of cartilage. Cartilage helps the joint move smoothly and cushions the ends of the bones. In OA, the cartilage breaks down and becomes thin. This leaves the ends of the bones unprotected, and the joint loses its ability to move smoothly.FIND OUT MORE

Prostate - Enlarged

Prostate - Enlarged

An enlarged prostate means the prostate gland has grown bigger. Prostate enlargement happens to almost all men as they get older. An enlarged prostate is often called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) or benign prostatic hypertrophy. It is not cancer, and it does not raise a man's risk for prostate cancer. FIND OUT MORE 

Prostate - Inflamed

Prostate - Inflamed

The prostate is the gland most frequently affected by disease in older men. Prostate cancer, enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia) and Inflamed Prostate account for the majority of prostate conditions. Inflammation of the Prostate (as opposed to Prostate enlargement) is usually due to bacterial infection. FIND OUT MORE

Sinusitis

Sinusitis

Sinusitis means infection or inflammation of the sinuses. These are air-filled spaces behind the cheekbones and forehead.In most cases, sinusitis is caused by a viral infection that will not be improved by taking antibiotics. Painkillers such as paracetamol or ibuprofen and decongestants may help to relieve symptoms. See your GP if your symptoms do not improve after seven days or if symptoms are getting worse. It is also advisable to see your GP if sinusitis FIND OUT MORE 

Sore Throat

Sore Throat

Viral infections are the most common cause of Sore throats. Antibiotics are not effective against viral infections. A Sore throat often begins at the start of a cold. In many cases, a sore throat is the first sign that you are getting sick. When the nose or sinuses become infected, drainage can run down the back of the throat and irritate it, especially at night. Or, the throat itself can be infected. FIND OUT MORE

St Johns Wort

St Johns Wort

St. John's wort was named after St John's Day which falls on June 24, the approximate flowering season in the northern hemisphere. The plant is seen growing wild beside roadsides and hedges in Britain, Europe and Asia. It reaches up to a metre in height and has pale green leaves with black dots on the lower surface. The flowers are bright yellow with five petals. FIND OUT MORE 

Stroke

Stroke

A Stroke occurs when a blood vessel leading to the brain either becomes blocked or bursts. The part of the brain normally fed by the blood vessel becomes starved of oxygen, and stops functioning. The effects of a Stroke can vary from mild to very severe, depending on the size and location of the blood vessels involved. The damage caused by a minor Stroke FIND OUT MORE

Tinea Cruris

Tinea Cruris

Commonly known as jock itch this type of Tinea is actually a ringworm infection of the groin which is most commonly caused by a yeast infection. The problem is more common in men than women and may be found on both of the upper inner thighs. Tinea cruris is most commonly caused by Epidermophyton floccosum or T. rubrum. FIND OUT MORE 

Tonsillitis

Tonsillitis

The Tonsils are a rounded mass of lymphoid tissue found in the back of the throat. They can be clearly seen when the mouth is open and the tongue is depressed. They are normally pink in colour.
Tonsils are part of the body's immune system, helping to protect against microorganisms. FIND OUT MORE 

Vitamin A

Vitamin A

Vitamin A is an essential dietary vitamin whose main storage site in the body is in the liver. Vitamin A is available in foods such as liver, kidney and dairy products, but certain fruits and vegetables contain very high levels of a substance called beta-carotene. Beta-carotene is absorbed by the body and is easily converted into Vitamin A. FIND OUT MORE 

Vitamin B1

Vitamin B1

Vitamin B1 is essential for the body to be able to use carbohydrate as an energy source as well as for metabolising amino acids. A person's requirements for Vitamin B1 are increased when they are relying heavily on carbohydrates for their main source of energy. Vitamin B1 is also involved in the production of chemicals that allow nerves in the body to communicate with one another and pass nerve impulses FIND OUT MORE

Vitamin C

Vitamin C

Vitamin C is commonly found in 3 forms: sodium ascorbate, calcium ascorbate and ascorbic acid. Very high levels of Vitamin C are found in the pituitary and adrenal glands, the liver and skeletal muscles. Vitamin C is essential for the production of collagen, which is an important structural protein in the body that is found in tissues such as the skin and nails. Vitamin C is also important for FIND OUT MORE

Vitamin D

Vitamin D

Vitamin D is important for the proper absorption of calcium from food. It is vital for the control of the levels of calcium in the blood and also controls the rate at which the body excretes calcium in the urine. The calcium levels in the body need to be kept stable so that calcium is available for the growth and renewal of bone cells. Vitamin D is stored in body in the fat tissues. FIND OUT MORE

Worms

Worms

The term 'Worms' is used to describe the infestation of the body by various types of Worms including pinworms (also known as threadworms), roundworms, hookworms and tapeworms.Tapeworms live in the intestines and sometimes grow to quite amazing lengths. They attach themselves to the inner lining of the gut. FIND OUT MORE

Worts

Worts

Warts are caused by the human papilloma virus. The virus makes skin cells multiply, causing an overgrowth of cells which form the Wart. These infections can come singly or in multiples and commonly occur on the hands.
Warts can be spread by direct skin contact and are usually painless. FIND OUT MORE

Zinc

Zinc

Taken best in a chelated form for higher 'bioavailability' (better absorption). The immune system requires Zinc for many aspects of its function. It helps combat harmful wastes and substances in the body, has an anti-bacterial effect that is useful for acne and wound healing and it stimulates white blood cells and is thought to reduce inflammation. Zinc is also helpful during acute and chronic infection and in the management of chronic fatigue syndrome. FIND OUT MORE